Daily Current Affairs – 2020
Resources: The Hindu /PIB
Topic: For Prelims and Mains
World Habitat Day:
Why in News?
What is Agenda 2030?
It should be noted that at the 70th meeting of the United Nations General Assembly starting in the year 2015, the sustainable development goals-SDGs were set for the next 15 years.
It is noteworthy that the plan to achieve millennium development goals-MDG for the period 2000-2015 was planned, which was completed in the year 2015.
Subsequently, a new agenda for the coming years (SDG-2030) was formally adopted by all member nations. Before talking about the Sustainable Development Goals, it would also be important to know what the Millennium Development Goals were?
Millennium development goals-MDG
Significantly, India has achieved the targets set by 2015 in HIV / AIDS, poverty, universal education and infant mortality among the targeted targets. While India is still far behind in achieving other goals. However, the Millennium Development Goals have been included within the goals contained in the Agenda 2030.
Sustainable development goals-SDG:
The resolution of 'Transforming Our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development', also known as the Sustainable Development Goals.
It was accepted by 193 countries including India at a high level plenary meeting of the United Nations General Assembly in September 2015 and implemented on 1 January 2016.
Under this, 17 targets and 169 targets were set which are to be achieved in the period 2016-2030. It is noteworthy that 8 of these goals have been taken from the Millennium Development Goals, which have been adopted by making it more comprehensive.
A total of 17 goals were set in the United Nations Agenda 2030.
Referendum in New Caledonia :
Why in News?
The French territory of New Caledonia voted against independence from France in a referendum held recently.
About the Nouméa Accord:
The Nouméa Accord of 1998 is a promise by the French Republic to grant increased political power to New Caledonia and its original population, the Kanaks.
What is the Issues?
The issue of autonomy and independence from France for a long time.
The Accords specified a 10-year transitory status, after which a self-determination referendum would be held.
Most of the remainder are from other Pacific islands, which are of mixed heritage, called Caledonians.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
Recently, scientists from the Centre for Plant Molecular Biology (CPMB) have uncovered the mechanism by which a bacterium called Xoo interacts with rice plants and causes disease.